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DIAGNOSTICS AND EXAMINATION OF STD

STD include all diseases of infectious origin that spread through sexual contact, sexual intercourse, where the secretion of ejaculate, saliva, mucous membranes and blood occurs. The highest incidence rates include HPV, HIV, Syphilis, hepatitis B virus, genital herpes, gonorrhoea, chlamydial infections.

SYPHILIS

Syphilis is a life-threatening sexually transmitted disease. A human being can be infected by unprotected sex / vaginal, oral or anal. It is also possible to come into contact with the syphilis rash in the affected body, which is a concomitant disease.

In early diagnosis this disease is treatable. Untreated syphilis can severely affect organs in the body such as the heart, spinal cord, skin and brain.

SYMPTOMS OF SYPHILIS

From day 10 to 3 months after infection, the syphilis rash, usually referred to as “hard ulcer” is evident. A smooth, convex, painless rash that can be a few centimetres in size occurs, it can be found on the genitals but also anywhere else on the body.

Within 7 days there is also a swelling of adjacent lymph nodes. .

In the secondary stage of syphilis, there is central lymph node swelling, whole-body skin rash or sometimes just on the sole of the feet, abdominal wall, chest, palms of hands.

INCUBATION PERIOD

HIV / AIDS

This is the most serious sexually transmitted disease. HIV is a virus that weakens the  human immune system and attacks white blood cells in the body. HIV transmission occurs through sexual intercourse,  vaginal, oral and anal, and through the bloodstream in drug users. Here the cause can be the use  of non-sterile needles. Evidence suggests a relatively large group infected with HIV are homosexuals. The HIV virus is found in the blood, sperm, vaginal secretion and breast milk.

HIV SYMPTOMS

Symptoms at the beginning of the disease,  most commonly 3 to 4 weeks after infection are influenza, muscular pain, increased body temperature, enlarged lymph nodes, dizziness, fatigue, night sweats. Alternatively the disease can be symptomatic for several years.

2 to 6 years after infection with HIV, symptoms persist: weight loss, persistent fever, night sweats, herpetic infections.

The fourth stage of HIV infection is transformed into AIDS. The weakened immune system fails completely.

INCUBATION PERIOD

GENITAL HERPES

Genital herpes is a highly contagious, sexually transmitted viral disease that can occur in the form of sores around the mouth, on the lips, around the rectum, and in the female and male genital organs.

SYMPTOMS OF GENITAL HERPES

  • On days 2 to 10 of the virus entering the body, burning, genital pain, itching, vaginal discharge, rashes and small blisters around the rectum and genitals may occur.
  • Elevated temperature, weakness, malaise, fatigue, painful urination may be present.

INCUBATION PERIOD

  • About 5 to 7 days after sexual contact

TYPE B HEPATITIS

Hepatitis B is a sexually transmitted disease, the virus attacks the liver. Transmission may occur in any sexual intercourse, vaginal, oral and anal, use of contaminated needles, transfer from mother to foetus.

The virus is found in sperm, saliva, tears, sweat, breast milk.

SYMPTOMS OF GENITAL HERPES

  • relatively long incubation period – increased body temperature, muscle pain, headache, fatigue, dizziness, exhaustion, diarrhoea, vomiting.
  • later a yellowish discoloration of the eyes and skin, dark colour of the urine.

INCUBATION PERIOD

  • 1 to 6 months after virus entering the body.